APES UNIT VI

Unit 6: Environmental Concerns – Part 1 5 Classes

Unit Goal: Unit 6 concentrates on environmental issues of major concern – Air, Water and Soil Pollution – the problems they pose, how man has contaminated our environment, and how we can remediate these problems

Chapter 19: Air Pollution

A. Content

  1. Types of Air Pollution
  2. Sources: Stationary and Mobile
  3. Primary and Secondary air pollutants
  4. Particulate matter and gases
  5. NOX, SOX, CO hydrocarbons, ozone
  6. Effects of air pollution on human health
  7. Urban Air Pollution: Photochemical smog, industrial smog
  8. Effect of weather and topography on air pollution
  9. Urban heat island
  10. Controlling Air Pollution – scrubbers, bag houses, electrostatic precipitators
  11. Clean Air Act of 1970, and amendments
  12. Air pollution in developing countries
  13. Global distillation effect
  14. Indoor air pollution – radon, asbestos, noise, carbon monoxide
  15. EMFs

B. Activities

  1. Air Sampling for particulate matter (1.5 hrs)
C. Assignments
  1. Read Chapter 19;
  2. Online Quiz
  3. HW#19a, b, c, d

Chapter 20: Regional and Global Atmospheric Changes

A. Content

  1. Global warming
  2. Causes of global warming
  3. Greenhouse Effect
  4. Aerosol Effect
  5. Effects of Global Warming
  6. How can we deal with global warming?
  7. Ozone Depletion
  8. Causes and Effects of ozone depletion – CFCs
  9. Chemistry of ozone depletion
  10. Acid Deposition
  11. Measuring acidity – pH,
  12. Effects of Acid Deposition

B. Activities

  1. Lab: Acid Rain
  2. Lab: Air Sampling for Ozone
  3. Lab: Effect of Acid Deposition on Construction Materials and Naturally-Occuring Minerals
C. Assignments
  1. Read Chapter 20;
  2. Online Quiz
  3. HW#20a, b, c, d
Assessment Ch. 19&20
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Unit 6: Environmental Concerns – Part 2 4 Classes

Chapter 21: Water and Soil Pollution

A. Content

  1. Types of water pollution: sewage, disease-causing agents, fecal coliform
  2. Sediment pollution
  3. Nutrients: phosphates and nitrates
  4. Organic and inorganic compounds
  5. Lead, mercury,
  6. Thermal pollution
  7. Eutrophication – natural and cultural
  8. Point and non-point sources
  9. Pollution from agriculture
  10. Municipal water pollution
  11. Industrial wastes
  12. Groundwater pollution
  13. Improving water quality – purification of drinking water; use of chlorine
  14. Municipal Sewage Treatment: primary, secondary, tertiary; sludge disposal
  15. Ocean Dumping Ban Act – 1991
  16. Septic Systems
  17. Laws: Clean Water Act (1972), Safe Drinking Water Act (1974),
  18. Resource, Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) – protect groundwater
  19. Soil Pollution – Irrigation and Salinization
  20. Soil remediation

B. Activities

  1. Lab: Salinization; Effect of Salt on Seed Germination (1 hour over 2 days)
  2. Lab: Identification of Groundwater Pollution by Chromatography (1 hr)
C. Assignments
  1. Read Chapter 21;
  2. Online Quiz
  3. HW#21a, b, c, d

Chapter 23: Soil and Hazardous Waste

A. Content

  1. Types of Solid wastes – municipal and nonmunicipal
  2. Sanitary Landfills – problems
  3. NIMBY
  4. Problems with plastics and tires
  5. Incineration
  6. Composting
  7. Waste Prevention – Reduce – Reuse – Recycle
  8. Paper, glass, aluminum, other metals, plastic
  9. Hazardous Waste – dioxins, PCBs,
  10. Management of Hazardous Waste – RCRA, CERCLA (Superfund)
  11. Integrated Waste Management

B. Activities

1. Video: The Poisoned Dream: Love Canal
C. Assignments
1. Read Chapter 23;
2. Online Quiz
3. HW#23a, b, c, d
Assessment: Ch. 21&23